A lot of the pastel outfits you see belong to Certified Nursing Assistants or CNA. They undergo rigid training as well, but are not legally qualified to do the full duties of registered nurses.A certified nursing assistant can be confused with a nurse a lot of times. As they are the most numerous personnel in the hospital, it is wise to know what goes on in a Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) training process. The main and real difference is their lack of qualifications and legal liability. If a CNA botches a procedure, the main legal liability falls on the shoulders of the supervising RN.
The following are a few tasks that are taught in Nursing Assistant (CNA) Training.
Basic sanitation practices such as proper hand washing and sterilization as well as preparing sterile environments and tools. They are made aware of safety practices such as wearing sterile gloves and proper cleaning.
Emergency Handling and Patient Transport
Certified nursing assistants need to know proper ambulation and transport procedures that lessen the stress on and ensure the stability of patients as they are taken to the hospital by emergency vehicles. They are expected to know CPR and handle a Code Blue or immediate resuscitation.
Bedpan use and cleaning procedures are also taught, ensuring that the pan is cleaned properly for reuse and also involved wiping and cleaning the patient after urination or defecation to avoid infections. Oral care is also included, not only cleaning the teeth after each meal but checking for gum, tongue, lips and the inside of the mouth for any sores, infections, cracking, bleeding or discoloration. They also help in changing of attires. This is very important as the patient needs to remain as clean as possible. Positioning involves changing the position or posture of a bed ridden patient to increase comfort and avoid bedsores. Another important skill is bedmaking as this ensures that the bed provides the patient with maximum comfort.
Daily Activity Support
Includes proper feeding, limiting assistance to what is necessary. It is key to let patients do this as much on their own as possible. Basic hygiene such as hair and nail management is also a part of the tasks of a CNA.
Certified Nursing Assistants are also required to be able to interpret and react to a patient’s call signals. They should, with training, be able to monitor vital signs, food and drink intake and output and advise medical professionals of any changes in them. They provide support in physical exertions such as fitness regimens and help maintain the patients mobility. Changing dressings is another task they are entrusted with as well as cleaning rooms and changing linens. Another important task is the competency to prepare a patient for surgery and other treatments as well as for examinations.